“The Tabernacle its construction and furnishings”, Part 17

What specifically is the Tabernacle, and what does it consist of?

"And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an
offering: of every man that gives it willingly with his heart ye shall take my offering. And this is the
offering which ye shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass, And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and
fine linen, and goats' hair, And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood, Oil for the
light, spices for anointing oil, and for sweet incense, Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod,
and in the breastplate.
And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.
According to all that I show thee, after the pattern of
THE TABERNACLE, and the pattern of all
the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it
." (Exod 25:1-9)

As we had mentioned earlier in this presentation sometimes when in conversation with a bible student
they might make mention of the Tabernacle, some referring to the entire enclosure, both the courtyard
and the tabernacle building itself, and some merely referring to the tabernacle building itself with its
various coverings, however the truth is
that which the Scriptures designate specifically as THE
Tabernacle, consisted only of the wooden structure overlaid in gold, cover by the first linen
. (See Exod 26:7)

“Briefly stated, the Tabernacle was a house constructed of a series of boards of shittim [acacia] wood,
`overlaid’ or plated with gold…
This structure was 10 cubits wide by 10 cubits high (15 ft x 15 ft), and 30
cubits in length (45 feet long)
, and open at its front or east end. It was covered by a large white linen
cloth, interwoven with figures of cherubim, in blue, purple, and scarlet. ” (

The following is an illustration of the tabernacle structure itself, minis the linen curtains, as it is merely
our wish here to begin our examination of this structure with a closer look at the sockets, boards,
pillars, and etc, and their placement. We have also included a general overview of the structure also, for
better reference. For those of you who are a little more familiar with the layout of the tabernacle this
particular design might appear slightly different from that of the typical designs generally displayed; we
will attempt to explain these differences shortly



For the tabernacle you shall make the boards of acacia (shittim) wood…” (Exod 26:15)

Undoubtedly, the use of shittim wood in the construction of the Tabernacle and its furniture
was to keep it light and portable
. However, the fact that Jehovah so particularly specified shittim
wood (
Exod 25:10,23; 26:15,32; 27:1,6; 30:1) leads us to wonder as to whether there might not
also be some reason beyond the merely utilitarian that was here divinely intended.

We believe (though we have been unable to find it anywhere so stated) that
the shittah tree from
which this wood was obtained was, in some sense of the word, an evergreen
. In Isa 41:19, it is
listed among other evergreen trees: “
the cedar, the shittah tree and the myrtle . . . the fir tree, and
the pine, and the box tree
.” If this is a correct thought, then the tree was among those which
did not pass through the cycle of
life and deathevery spring and autumn, year after year.

However, this much has been definitely established: insects did not attack it (Hastings,
Dictionary of the Bible, Vol. 4, p. 507); it is aromatic orscented” (Seymour, The New Garden
, “Acacia”); its wood was virtually incorruptible. It is interesting that the Septuagint
renders the Hebrew “
shittah” by a Greek word meaning “incorruptible wood.” This suggests
everlasting though mortal life —i.e., mortality.

By mortality we mean that state or condition wherein death is a possibility, though not necessarily a
probability. We do not here refer to that state or condition in which a man was born in sin and is
unjustified, for he is already dead; but
rather to one having been previously justified by faith and
through a full consecration to the Lord
, who therefore enjoys a faith or reckoned restitution, and may
be considered as possessing mortality if for no other reason than that of having something acceptable to
lay down in sacrifice. (
Notes on the Tabernacle”, Page 21, 22)

The death of Christ is the basis of all reconciliation to God by actual restitution during the
Millennium or by faith restitution for sacrificing now
.” (R4554)

For the tabernacle you shall make the boards (or frames) of acacia (shittim) wood, standing
upright. Ten cubits shall be the length of a board, and a cubit and a half shall be the width of
each board.
Two tendons (or projections, literally hands) shall be in each board for binding one
to another
. Thus you shall make for all the boards of the tabernacle. And you shall make the
boards for the tabernacle, twenty boards for the south side. You shall make forty sockets of
silver under the twenty boards; two sockets under each of the boards for
its tendons.

Likewise it shall be for the north side

For the far side of the tabernacle, westward (i.e. the back) you shall make six boards, and you
shall also
make two boards for the two back corners of the tabernacle, they shall be coupled
together at the bottom
and they shall be coupled together at the top by one ring, thus it shall
be for both of them, they shall be for the two corners. So there shall be eight boards with their
sockets of silver, sixteen sockets, two sockets under each of the boards
.” (Exod 26:15-25)

The following illustration is a picture looking at the left rear corner of the tabernacle from an inside
perspective illustrating possibly how the upright frames in the corner might have come together and how
the silver sockets may have likewise been joined together.


In this illustration you will have also noted the addition of the twotendonsor projections
protruding from the ends of each frame one to the next, including the corners
. Generally most
Bible Students are of the opinion that there were but the two tendons at the bottom of each frame, but
a careful examination of the texts seems to imply otherwise. In explaining the construction of the
boards it is stated in
Exod 36:22Each board had two tendons for binding one (board) to
another, thus he made all the boards of the tabernacle
.” Then subsequently in verse 24 mention is
made of the two tendons which protruded into the sockets, which were located two each under each

Read it carefully the first two tenons mentioned were designed to bind the boards one to
, whereas the bottom two were designed to secure the boards to the silver sockets
. It would not make sense to say that the tendons mentioned in Verses 22 and 24 are one in
the same, because the two tendons protruding into the two sockets beneath each board would not only
not bind one board to another, but neither would they provide sufficient enough support to prevent a
15 foot high board from swaying either in or out of the tabernacle, that is not having the advantage of
cords (ropes) to steady and secure them firmly in place as did the post in the courtyard. Now it is
possible that
the gold covered bars (or poles) referred to in (Exod 26:26-29) which slid through the
rings attached to the outside of each of the boards might have aided in this endeavor, but we cannot
be certain of this.

Likewise shown in the forgoing illustration was the depiction of the top corner “
coupling ring” (Exod
) positioned at the top of the outer most corner board. The specifics as to how these rings were
designed and how they secured the boards at the rear corners are not given, however we may surmise
that that if the rings were attached so as to be able to swing loosely back and forth it could easily be
made to lock down over two pins protruding one each from the top of each of the two adjoining corner
boards, thus locking all three boards together.

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