“The Mediator and the New Covenant” Part 7
Having we hope now determined who specifically the Mediator is we would now like to address our last
question, where and when does this mediation begin?
More to the point where (or with whom precisely is the new covenant mediated) and when will this mediation commence?
“Behold the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and
with the house of Judah not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took
them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant which they broke, though I was a
husband to them says the LORD. But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those
days, says the LORD; I will put my law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and
they shall be my people.” (Jer 31:31-33)
This Scripture rightly understood fully answers our question as to whom precisely the new covenant is mediated,
and when precisely this mediation will commence.
Let us apply our God given ability to reason here and work this out for ourselves.
A covenant is a contract, a binding agreement between two parties. In the business world if two parties have established
a contract between themselves by law this contract is binding until its terms have been fully met by both parties. In
essence Israel as a nation or people entered into such a contract with the LORD when at Mount Sinai they agreed to the
terms of the Law Covenant, exclaiming “All that the LORD has spoken we will do” (Exod 19:1-9; 24:1-8), Moses at
the time acting as the “go- between” or Mediator of this contract.
“The Word of God distinguishes between a covenant and its mediator. A covenant does not go into operation until
after it has been fully mediated. When Moses mediated the Law Covenant, he first offered sacrifices; then he took the
blood of the animals and, dividing it into two parts, sprinkled both the Book of the Law and the people. (Exod 24:4-8;
Heb 9:19-24) After he had done this, the Law Covenant was in force; and it will continue until superseded by its
antitype, the New Covenant.” (R5164)
Thus we see that if a proposition is made to make a new covenant with someone it implies that they were previously
under covenant or contract prior to this and that this new contract is to supersede the former one established with
Now we ask what nation or people other than the nation of Israel has God ever entered into covenant or
contract with? Is it not written?
“Now therefore if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant then you shall be a special treasure to
me above all people; for all the earth is mine, and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation…”
“Hear this word that Jehovah hath spoken against you, O children of Israel, against the whole family which I
brought up out of the land of Egypt, saying, You only have I known of all the families of the earth: therefore I
will visit upon you all your iniquities.” (Amos 3:1, 2)
There is absolutely no Scriptural support for any theory that God was ever in covenant arrangement with any other
nation other than the nation of Israel.
Thus the first part of our texts taken from Jeremiah should be rightly understood as follows, viz.
“Behold the days are coming (when the Testator complete will have finished the great antitypical sacrifices of
himself and his church, the “better sacrifices” Heb 9:23, when he will have finished with the second presentation of
the blood of atonement in the Most Holy, that of the Lord’s goat, representing “his body” the “Church”, “the sin-
offering, which is for the people”, which makes atonement, reconciliation for the people Lev 16:15 with this he will
have finished making application of the blood, the blood which seals, makes binding, ratifies, the New Covenant which
makes satisfaction for the sins of the world), says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of
Israel and with the house of Judah (With whom did he say? Did he say the Gentiles? No! Did he say the Church? No!
neither of these, he said with the house of Israel, “For this is my covenant with THEM, when I shall take away their
sins” Rom 11:27) not according to the covenant (the Law Covenant) that I made with their fathers in the day
that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant which they broke, though I
was a husband to them says the LORD.”
“Jesus death (blood) constituted the blood which seals or makes effective the New Covenant. Our taking of this cup and
drinking of it (Matt 26:27) shows our participation. The consecrated lives (blood) accepted by our Lord are counted in as
a part of his own sacrifice (the sin-offering) which seals the New Covenant.”
“This New Covenant will not become operative until the cup of the Lord's sufferings which is left behind has
been completely drained in death by the last member of his Body” (R5542:6, 4310:2, 3)
“This is my blood (symbol of LIFE given up in death) of the new covenant, shed for many for the remission of sin;”
“Drink ye all of it.” (Matt 26:27, 28) It is by the giving up of his life as a ransom for the life of the Adamic race, which
sin had forfeited, that a right to LIFE comes to men. (Rom 5:18, 19)
Jesus’ shed blood was the “ransom for ALL,” but his act of handing the cup to the disciples, and asking them
to drink of it, was an invitation to them to become partakers of his sufferings, or, as Paul expresses it, to “fill
up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ.” (Col 1:24) “The cup of blessing, for which we bless God, is
it not a (joint) participation (on our part in) the blood [shed blood—death] of the Anointed one?” (1 Cor 10:16)
Memorial Meditations, Page 16
Our Lord speaking to his followers inquires, “Are you able (willing to participate) to drink of the cup (of shame,
ignominy, sufferings and reproach) which I have drunk, and to be baptized with the baptism which I am baptized
with (a baptism of death, and that a sacrificial death, Rom 6:3)?
To those so willing he states, “You will indeed drink of my cup (participate in the blood shed as part of the Day of
Atonement “sin-offerings”, the blood which seals the New Covenant), and you will indeed be baptized with the
baptism that I am baptized with” (Matt 20:22, 23)
Let us now take a look at the latter part of our text taken from Jeremiah,
“But this is the covenant (the New Covenant) that I will make with the house of Israel (Note once again whom
specifically this covenant is to be made with) after those days, says the LORD (After what days? After the days of this
Gospel Age, after those days in which the Church the body of Christ as joint sacrificers with their Lord will have finished
their share in the Day of Atonement sacrifices, after the death of the Testator. These days likewise apply to the “seven
times” of Israel’s chastisement).
Along with the blessings promised Israel if they would be faithful to their covenant (the Law Covenant) with the LORD
were likewise promises of punishment if they felled to keep it. “But if you do not obey me, and do not observe all my
commandments…but break my covenant, I will also do this to you…I will set my face against you, and you
shall be slain before your enemies, they that hate you shall reign over you… and if you will not yet for all this
harken unto me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins.” (Lev 26:17, 18, 24, 28)
“In the Bible a “time” is used in the sense of a year, whether the year be literal or symbolic, but at the time of the
utterance of any prophecy, it could not be known which. A symbolic year used in prophecy is reckoned on the lunar year
360 days each, day representing a year. Thus 7 X 360 = 2520 years.
These “seven times” refer to the “Times of the Gentiles” (Luke 21:24) the time in which “they that hate you shall
reign over you” the 2520 years in which the Gentile nations have reigned over Israel beginning in B.C. 606 with the
overthrow of Zedekiah and ending in A.D. 1914, from which time sense no Gentile nation has fully governed Israel.
After these days (not immediately after, but following after the completion of the “sin-offering”, as we have seen, the
body of Christ, which shall likewise be completed, i.e. finished after these days); I will put my law in their minds, and
write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.”
The New Covenant will not be made with any other nation but Israel; for God never purposed to make a covenant
with the Gentiles, however even amongst these since the people are not worthy to enter directly into relationship
with God, that covenant must have a Mediator, the Christ, Head and body complete. The New Covenant will not
be made with rebellious sinners.
God's Covenant will be WITH the Mediator FOR Israel, guaranteeing forgiveness and reconciliation to all of
Abraham's natural seed who will exercise the faith and the obedience of Abraham.
The work of the Mediator with Israel (and the world of mankind, who to be blessed must become "Israelites indeed")
during the Millennium, will be their instruction, enlightenment and uplifting out of sin and death, out of ignorance and
superstition, out of depravity and unbelief up to human perfection; so that, at the end of the Millennium, all of Abraham's
seed, all of his faith and obedience, will have reached human perfection and be ready for the Mediator to deliver them over
to the Father, that God may be all in all--the unwilling and rebellious, after due trial, being cut off during the Millennium in
the Second Death. (R4555 Par.17, 18)
“The New Covenant will begin to swallow up the old Law Covenant as soon as the Kingdom is established. The
Scriptures indicate that the first to receive it will be the Ancient Worthies. Raised from the dead to human
perfection, they will form the nucleus of the new arrangement in the earth. (NOT our JW friends who
erroneously assume that they will form this nucleus) Next in order will be those who have been known as Christians,
but who have not been consecrated to death, and Jews who have been consecrated to the Law, but who have been
blinded. Gradually the light will come to all who love righteousness and hate iniquity. Sprinkled from all sympathy with evil,
they will make their declaration of full loyalty to God. In due time this light will spread to all kindred’s and tongues and
nations.” (R 5164)
Thus we conclude our look at the Mediator and the New Covenant.
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