“The Mediator and the New Covenant” Part 1
A common and erroneous thought held by many professing Christians today is that the Lord is
(presently) engaged in the work of mediation, mediating the New Covenant between God and the
Church. They imagine that this New Covenant went into effect during our Lord’s first advent when it is
assumed he sealed the New Covenant with Spiritual Israel, with his blood.
Now it is our hope in this particular presentation to find the truth on these matters so as to alleviate the
confusion caused by these erroneous assumptions. We will begin our examination by taking a closer look
at the Mediator and his purpose.
The Mediator, who, what, where, why, and when?
In this study we hope to find the answer to the following questions,
1) What is a mediator?
2) Why is a mediator necessary?
3) Who are the parties in dispute who require mediation?
4) Who specifically is the Mediator?
5) Where and when does this mediation begin?
What is a mediator, that is to say what specifically is the function and or purpose of a mediator?
The New Oxford American Dictionary defines a Mediator as: an individual or agency that intervenes
between two parties in dispute in order to bring about an agreement or reconciliation.
Young’s Analytical Concordance defines a Mediator as: a middle man, mediator.
Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance defines a Mediator Greek mesitēs Strong’s #3316 as: a go-
between, i.e. (simply) an internunciator, or (by implication) a reconciler (intercessor)
ambassador or messenger.
Thayer’s Lexicon defines a Mediator as: one who intervenes between two, either in order to make
or restore peace and friendship, or to form a compact, or for ratifying a covenant; a medium of
communication, an arbitrator.
“The term "mediator" (equals middleman, agent of mediation) is nowhere found in Old Testament or
Apocrypha (English Versions of the Bible), but the corresponding Greek word mesites, occurs once in
Septuagint (Job 9:33 the King James Version, "Neither is there any daysman betwixt us," where
"daysman" stands for Hebrew mokhiach, "arbitrator," the American Standard Revised Version, the
English Revised Version margin "umpire" (see DAYSMAN); Septuagint has ho mesites hemon, "our
mediator," as a paraphrase for Hebrew benenu, "betwixt us"). Even in the New Testament, mesites,
"mediator," occurs only 6 times, namely, Gal 3:19, 20 (of Moses), and 1 Tim 2:5; Heb 8:6; 9:15; 12:
24 (of Christ).
In Moses we have for the first time a recognized national representative who acted both as God's
spokesman to the people, and the people's spokesman before God. He alone was allowed to "come near
unto Yahweh," and to him Yahweh spoke "face to face, as a man speaks unto his friend" (Exod 33:
11). He went up to God and "reported the words of the people" to Him, as to a sovereign who cannot
be approached save by his duly accredited minister (Exod 19:8). We have a striking example of his
intercessory mediation in the episode of the golden calf, when he pleaded effectively with God to turn
from His wrath (Exod 32:12-14), and even offered to "make atonement for" (kipper, literally, "cover")
their sin by confessing their sin before God, and being willing to be blotted out of God's book, so that the
people might be spared (Exod 32:30-32).” International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Page 5388
Intercession is in all stages of thought an essential element in mediation. We have striking
examples of it in Genesis 18:22-33; Job 42:8-10.
So in essence a mediator is one who negotiates peace between two parties who are at variance
with one another, with the intent of negotiating an agreement or covenant between the two in
order to restore and/or establish peace, reconciliation between the two.
Having now we hope sufficiently explained our first question what a mediator is we will in our
next post ponder our second question, why is a mediator necessary?
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