The Great Pyramid, Part 8

Let us now continue with our examination of the foundation structure of the Great Pyramid, once the
central rock core and surface area around the central rock core (
the fundament) had been thoroughly
leveled (
as depicted in our last post), the next step in the building process would be the
establishment of
the platform level and the pavement.

payment is a distinct piece of masonry, and should not be confounded with the platform, the
front edge of which projects about 16.5 inches beyond the bottom edge of the casing stones.
Although the top surface of the pavement is beautifully level and continuous with the platform, the
stones with which it is built vary considerably in thickness. The platform stones on the contrary are of
a uniform thickness throughout; the builders therefore spent much time in accurately leveling the
natural rock preparatory to laying the platform.”

These three levels, namely (1) the upper surface of the Platform, i.e. The Platform Level,
(2) the leveled natural rock or Fundament Level under the Platform, and (3) the Mean
Socket Floor Level
, are related to each other and to the doorway of the ancient Entrance, and also
to the “
basement-sheet” of the Descending Passage, by a connecting system of harmonious
measurements. They are all required in the calculations of the time-features of the Pyramid.” (
Pyramid Passages, Vol. 2, Page 115

Thus as we had stated earlier a closer look at the Pyramids foundation is prerequisite to our
chronological study especially if we would ever hope to arrive at the correct time calculations

Both the
Platform and the Pavement were both compiled of the same White Tura limestone as
that which was used in the
Casing Stones, “this type of limestone is of a very high quality - white,
very fine-grained, not very porous and somewhat harder than the typical gray-yellow colored
nummulite limestone used in the construction of the core of the Pyramid. Tura limestone can easily be
cut and formed but when exposed to air it hardens after a certain time. This particular type of
limestone was very much treasured by the ancient Egyptians; it was used for several pyramids, for
other monuments and for statues as well. The Arabs also liked this stone and used it to build
For this reason very few stones remain both of the casing stones and the pavement
stones, I’m not sure about the platform stones as I have not read anything nor seen any pictures in
which these stones were removed, most likely because in order to be removed it would first require
the removal of not only the casing stones but some of the central core stones as well which sat upon
or in some cases overlapped these particular stones, some of which weight as much as 10 tons. The
following picture which we had looked at before gives evidence of the removal of some of these
pavement stones

As we look at this picture once again we would like to point out another interesting feature in regards
to the construction of the foundation, particularly in regards to the cut and position of the various
stones, in the second illustration of the same picture below note how we have highlighted the
particular features of the stones especially note the platform stones to the left of the man standing
next to the casing stones. Not only are some of these stones of
an irregular cut, but likewise some
of these stones used a little further back in the platform were of the typical gray-yellow colored
limestone quality rather than the fine white Tura limestone used on the exposed sections of the

Another view from a different vanish point. (
Sorry I didn’t highlight the stones in this picture so they’
re a little difficult to see, but you get the jest

There is an obvious reason for the use of the lesser quality limestone being used simply to
fill in gaps on the platform beneath the casing stones, as these would not be seen, but why
the irregular cut stones?
The reason is this, “not only did the ancient builders use “header blocks
especially long stones used to tie together the shorter stones around them, but likewise the ancients
chose even more complicated bonds. They used
angular joints and stones shaped like a trapeze to
be sure, that the structure was safe from tension and the formation of cracks.
Irregular corner
and interlocked joints help aid the stones from sliding due to the tremendous downward and
horizontal pressures of the Pyramid face. Likewise they also left some of the stones from one course
protruding up into the next course, only for a few centimeters mind you, but that was enough to
achieve even greater stability.”

The builders were very meticulous about the placement (
i.e. The précised pattern), and leveling of the
platform as this course would have a direct effect upon every subsequent course laid. “The foundation
slabs had a slight gradient of 2-3° inwards. Special stones for the foundation (especially the corners)
were laid down, their function being to anchor the pyramid body to the bedrock. The lowest layer had
to be planned very thoroughly, because here especially large stones were used, some of which weigh
as much as 6.5 to 10 tons”. (
“Building the Great Pyramid”)

We will continue once again with our examination of the Pyramid shortly.

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