The Great Day of Atonement”, Part 5

So he shall make atonement for the Holy Place, because of the uncleanness of the children of
Israel, and because of their transgressions, for all their sins; and so he shall do for the
tabernacle of meeting which remains among them in the midst of their uncleanness. There shall
be no man in the tabernacle of meeting when he goes in to make atonement in the Holy Place,
until he comes out, that he may make atonement for himself, for his household, and for all the
assembly of Israel
.” (Lev 16:16, 17)

“The blood of the bullock was caught in a basin (
or censer) in which it was carried by the High Priest into
the Tabernacle of the Congregation (
the Holy) where the priest, before entering into the Most Holy,
offered incense upon the Golden Altar (
Lev 16:12, 13) to prepare, as it were, the way for him into the
Holiest of all—into the very presence of Jehovah.
The incense having preceded him, he then
proceeded with the bullock’s blood into the Most Holy where he sprinkled of it upon and before
the Mercy Seat. However,
not all of the bullock’s blood was thus disposed of. Some of it still
remained in the basin to be subsequently used in connection with the reconciling of
1) the Most
2) the Tabernacle of the Congregation (the Holy), and 3) the Court. (Lev 16:16, 18) Before
he could do this however, the Lord’s goat would have to be slain. (
Lev 16:15) Its “inwards” like those of
the bullock were burned upon the Altar of Burnt Offering, and the carcass burned with fire “
without the
.” (Heb 13:11)

The blood of the goat was evidently caught in the same basin as had been the bullock’s, or at
the least the two bloods were mixed, to make up that which is designated
“the blood of
(plural), i.e., the (commingled) blood of the bullock and the goat, which blood was
then to accomplish the
“reconciliation” of God’s Sanctuary and Court.

First the blood of the goat was carried through the Tabernacle of the Congregation (
the Holy) where,
however, no incense was offered this time since the priest continued right on through the Second Vail into
the Most Holy where he now sprinkled it as he had previously with the bullock’s blood, upon and before
the Mercy Seat. (
Lev 16:15) As the bullock’s blood was accepted for the priest and his house (Lev
16:6), so the goat’s blood was accepted for the people
(Lev 9:15; 16:5, 9). Let it be carefully
noted that the blood now being used was in reality a commingled blood, as if to say, the goat’s
blood is accepted because of its being commingled with that of the bullock.
The sin-offering of
the goat had merit only because of its association with the bullock.
Antitypically the merit of
atonement represented in the Church’s sacrifice is merely that of Christ Jesus, since the Church
had, to begin with, no merit of its own

“Connected with the Tabernacle there were three pieces of furniture which had much to do with the matter
of reconciliation. These were the
ark in the Most Holy, the incense altar in the Holy, and the altar in the
Court. Not only were these three used to bring about the atonement, they were also used to show that
the blood of the sin-offerings completed the reconciliation. Accordingly, we read:

And he shall make an atonement for the holy place [the Most Holy], because of the uncleanness
of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions in all their sins
.” (Lev 16:16)

This, we believe, was accomplished by the High Priest when he sprinkled the blood of the bullock and the
blood of the goat on and before the mercy seat. Thus was the Most Holy reconciled. Surely no
reconciliation could be accomplished unless it first took in God. If our conjecture be correct, this
reconciliation was effected with the commingled blood of the bullock and the goat. But the account

And so shall he do for the tabernacle of meeting [the Holy] that remains among them in the
midst of their uncleanness
.” (Lev 16:16)

Undoubtedly, this reconciliation of the Tabernacle of the Congregation was accomplished by means of the
Incense Altar and is that which is referred to in
Exod 30:10,

And Aaron shall make atonement upon the horns of [the incense altar] once in a year with the
blood of the sin offering of atonements
; once in the year shall he make atonement upon it
throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the Lord
.” (Exod 30:10)

Last in the line of reconciliation is the Court, well represented by its altar.
In this connection it is very
clearly set forth that the blood of reconciliation is that of
the bullock AND the goat.

And he shall go out (of the tabernacle proper) unto the altar that is before the LORD (out into the
court to the Brazen Altar
), and make an atonement for it; and shall take of the blood of the
bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about. And he
shall sprinkle of the blood upon it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow it from
the uncleanness of the children of Israel
.” (Lev 16:18, 19) Notes on the Tabernacle”, Page 610,

Some have mistakenly misconstrued from the foregoing statement that the “altar” here referred to is
none other than
the Golden Incense Altar which was placed directly before the Second Vail, i.e.
before the LORD” as depicted in the Shekinah glory found above the mercy seat, this because they
believed atonement had already been made for the
Brazen Altar as was enumerated in Lev 9:8, 9,
however it will be noticed that in that particular instance there was no mention of any commingling of
the blood, this because it was the blood of the bull (typifying the blood of Christ) alone which sanctified
the altar

“The altar of earthly sacrifices is only acceptable to God by reason of the shed blood (
the life given), and
all who realize the power of the altar must fist recognize the blood which sanctifies it.” (
T 42)

“So its brazen altar represents primarily the perfection of the man Christ Jesus, upon which
his offering
was accepted of God, as our sin-atonement,
sanctifying in turn any offering of others that might be
presented upon it.” (
R 3053:6)

This altar was first set apart (
sanctified) as unto the LORD at the time of the Tabernacle’s dedication, and
was accomplished with the use of
the holy anointing oil. (Exod 40:10)

Subsequently, this altar was sanctified for use
by the priesthood, and was accomplished with the use of
the blood of the sin-offering. (Exod 29:12; Lev 8:15)

It will have been noted that both of these operations were performed by Moses who thus typified
JEHOVAH—who during this Gospel age has been setting apart “
an altar” unto Himself; sanctifying it, for
the use of the
antitypical priesthood, by way of the blood of the great “sin-offering”—the ransom
sacrifice of Christ Jesus—(
T 51, 52)

And while
“our altar”—the altar of this Gospel age—is thus sanctified by the blood of the “sin-
offering of Christ Jesus,”
for use by us as the antitypical priesthood, in the matter of our consecration
to become the priesthood of blessing,
the altar of the Millennial age, though it be the selfsame altar,
and is served by the selfsame priesthood (
but now in the interests of the world of mankind—the then,
antitypical Israel
) will by reason of its defilement (uncleanness,” Lev 16:16) require a special
rededication—sanctification— and this by the blood of the
“better sacrifices” (Heb. 9:23) of the
Gospel age. This, of course, is what is so beautifully depicted in the reconciliation of
Lev 16:18
Notes on the Tabernacle”, Pages, 118,119)

The sprinkling of all things with the blood showed that the “Blood” is full (seven times, complete)
satisfaction, and also indicated that the work with the “Scape Goat”, which followed was no part
of the sin-offering
, and was not needful to complete the reconciling.

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