“The Great Day of Atonement”, Part 3

And Aaron (representing our Lord) shall bring the goat upon which the LORD’s lot fell, and
offer him for a sin offering
.” (Lev 16:9)

The Lord’s goat (the one for whom the LORD’s lot fell) represented the entire ‘Little Flock’ of
the Lord’s faithful followers
. They are all alike; they all come by way of the same ‘narrow way’;
so that what is true of the company as a whole is true of each of its members. Therefore the ‘
’ typified each one and his sacrifice, except that the whole must be completed before the
blood’ of the goat (representative of the entire body of Christ) will be presented upon the ‘Mercy
’.” (T 63)

It is very important that we keep clearly in mind the difference between our work of
presenting our bodies as living sacrifices
and our Lord’s work, as the Great High Priest, in
offering us sacrificially
. The two matters are distinctly separate, as shown in the type. The goat
was brought to the door of the Tabernacle and tied, picturing the covenant of sacrifice
which we make. But the goat had not yet been offered and no one but the High Priest was
qualified to make
this offering the sacrifice. The work of the High Priest in sacrificing the goat
was the only sacrifice, in the proper sense of the word.

Even after the presentation of ourselves and the Father’s acceptance, and after we have become
new creatures and are members of his body, and therefore, members of the royal priesthood, there
is a continuous work—the presenting of ourselves daily.
So the Lord Jesus has continued the
offering all through this Gospel age
. He will finally complete this at the end of the Gospel age,
when the offering will all be finished as one sacrifice and the new creatures will all be admitted as
members of the glorified body.” (

“Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many, the Apostle says. The type shows us two
offerings, yet the two were parts of one. The first represented the Head and the second the body.
The two sacrifices of the Day of Atonement were really one, because the second was based upon the
first.” (

But the goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the
Lord, to make atonement with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness
Lev 16:10)

“It should be noted that the scapegoat was “
presented alive” before the Lord. (Lev 16:10) This
does not refer to the original presentation “
before the Lord.” (Lev 16:7) In the latter, two goats
were presented for a sin offering (
Lev 16:5); whereas, in the former, only the goat “on which the
lot fell to be the scapegoat
” is involved.

The contrast is really remarkable: the Lord’s goat was offered to God upon his altar dead, i.
e., a sacrifice, a sin offering unto the Lord
(Lev 16:9, 15); but the scapegoat was presented
alive (not dead).

The Lord’s goat represents that portion of those “
called in the one hope of their calling” (Eph 4:
), who are faithful in the matter of their sacrificial death as a part of the sin offering; but the
scapegoat represents that portion of the same class, who because of the “
fear of [this sacrificial]
death are all their lifetime subject to bondage
” (Heb 2:15) Notes on the Tabernacle”, Page

Brother Frey brings out several key points here that might have been overlooked.

First it should be noted that there is no distinction being made between the two goats
when first brought forth from
the children of Israel (Israel in this instance representing the
household of faith, God’s typically professed people).

Secondly both of these goats were brought forth by Aaron (i.e. our Lord) accepted in him
with the soul intention that they
both would be used as part of his sin-offering, Lev 16:5
(this after having declared their intention to take up their cross and follow in their Master’s

Thirdly both (having then fully consecrated themselves, having been “accepted in the beloved”,
by means of the imputation of the merit of Christ, thus fully justified)
were then presented
before the LORD at the door of the Tabernacle,
Lev 16:7 (“living sacrifices holy and
”, at which time a “covenant” or binding agreement was made between the two parties
wherein they agree to sacrifice not only the life that they presently possess, with all its various
hopes aims, desires, and etc., but more importantly they agreed to sacrifice that life which was
purchased back for them through the great sacrifice of our Lord, their restitutional rights, which
immediately upon justification were reckoned as theirs).

Some erroneously think of the two goats as representing two different classes from start
to finish.
Not so; they represent the finished classes only—those who `sin willfully’ (Heb 6:4–
8 and 10:26, 27
) being entirely ignored, because they fail entirely and go into the second death.”

And Aaron shall bring the bull of the sin offering, which is for (or represents) himself, and
make atonement
for himself (that is for the members of his body, the under priest, the fully
) and for his house (the entire ‘Household of Faith’, typically the Levites,
antitypically the ‘
Great Company Class), and shall kill the bull as the sin-offering which is for
or represents) himself.” (Lev 16:11)

“Thus considered, we see that the death of the bullock typified the offering of Jesus of himself, when
he consecrated himself. This is in harmony with the Apostle’s statement respecting Jesus’
consecration or offering of himself. He quotes the prophet saying, ‘
Lo I come to do thy will O
God, as in the volume of the scriptures it is written of me
’, to die and redeem many, there says
the inspired writer, ‘
He took away the first (i.e. he set aside the typical sacrifices) that he might
(might fulfill) the second (the antitype, the real sacrifice for sins) Heb 10:7, 9, 14 (T

The type was the serpent lifted up; the antitype was himself “lifted up”. The type was the
lamb slain; the antitype was himself slain. The type was the Atonement Day sacrifices,
and goats” the antitype
himself and the Church, the “better sacrifices”. (R5054:3)

Then he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from the altar before the LORD,
with his hands full of sweet incense beaten fine, and bring it inside the veil
.” (Lev 16:12)

“Looking through the type to the antitype, (
that is comparing the typical ceremony to the reality)
let us now step by step, compare the doings of Jesus with this prophetic picture of his work, when
he as the man Christ Jesus, had fully consecrated himself, he immediately as the new creature,
begotten by the Holy Spirit, took the sacrificed human life (
typified by the blood of the bullock into
the ‘
Holy) to present it before God as our ransom price, but  ‘not for ours alone, but also for
the sins of the whole world
’. Spirit- begotten he was no longer [considered to be] in the ‘court
condition, but in the first ‘
Holy’, of the Tabernacle, (behind the curtain or first veil) where he must
tarry and offer his incense upon the fire of trial; he must demonstrate his loyalty to God and
righteousness by the things suffered as a begotten son, before entering the ‘
Most Holy’, the
perfect spiritual condition. (
Heb 5:8)

The High Priest took with him (along with the blood) fire from off the altar, and his two
hands full of sweet incense
to cause the perfume; and so our Lord Jesus’ fulfillment of his vow of
consecration, during the three and a half years of his ministry, was a sweet and acceptable perfume
to the Father, attesting at once the completeness of the consecration and the perfection of the
The sweet incense beaten small represented the perfection of the man Jesus. The
fire from the Brazen Altar represented the trials to which he was subject; and its being
carried along by the Priest signifies that our Lord must, by his own course of faithfulness,
bring his persecutions upon himself. And when the perfections of his being
(incense) came
in contact with the trials of life
(fire), he yielded perfect obedience to the divine will, a sweet
. Thus is shown his temptation in all points, yet without sin. As the incense must be all
consumed in the fire, so he yielded his all in obedience, it was the Priest’s `
two hands full’ which he
offered, thus representing our Lord’s full capacity and ability of righteousness, required and yielded.”
T 56)

And he shall put the incense on the fire before the LORD that the cloud of incense may
cover the mercy seat that is on the Testimony, lest he die
.” (Lev 16:13)

“The incense from the ‘
Golden Incense Altar’ having preceded him and been satisfactory, the High
Priest passed under the second ‘
veil’ into the ‘Most Holy’, so with Jesus, having for three and a half
years offered acceptable incense in the ‘
Holy’, the consecrated and spirit begotten condition, he
passed beyond the ‘
second veil’, death. For three days he was under the secondVeil’ [figuratively
speaking] in death. Then he arose beyond the veil, ‘
the express image of the Father’s person’,
he was ‘
put to death in the flesh, but quickened (made alive) in spirit, ‘sown a natural
human) body, raised a spiritual body’. Thus our Lord reached the ‘Most Holy’, condition, the
perfection of spirit being, at his resurrection.”
1 Pet 3:18; 1 Cor 15:44 (T 57, 58)

Why must Aaron tarry for a time in the ‘
Holy’ before proceeding with the blood of the bullock, into
the ‘
Most Holy’? “That he dies not.” (Lev 16:13)

Once again “Looking through the type to the antitype… (the picture here presented by the incense
rising from the Golden Incense Altar is that our Lord
) must [first] demonstrate his loyalty to God
and righteousness by the things suffered as a begotten Son, before entering the ‘Most Holy’, the
perfect spiritual condition.”
Heb 5:8 (T 56)

“As a `
new creature’ our Lord spent the three and a half years of his ministry in the holy,
enlightened by the light of the golden candlestick, divine truth, fed by the showbread, the divine
promises and blessing, while he himself ministered at the golden altar, offering up his two hands full
of incense upon the fire, the fragrance penetrating beyond the veil, the second veil, into the Most
Holy, as a cloud rising above the Ark of the Covenant, the Mercy Seat. That offering of the incense
by the priest in the Holy represents to us the light in which our heavenly Father viewed his Son and
his offering of himself in the trials and difficulties of his life during the three and a half years of his
consecration. As a whole it was sweet incense to the Lord, fragrant incense, holy and acceptable.”

The sweet incense went before Him and appeared in the presence of God before He
finished His course at Calvary. His death upon the cross was the last crumb of incense
falling into the fire, in the antitype
.” (R5731:1)

“But while Jesus, as a "
new creature," was thus within the "Holy," enjoying the light of the golden
candlestick, fed by the bread of truth, and offering acceptable incense to Jehovah, let us look out
into the "
Court," and yet farther out, beyond the "Camp," and see another work progressing
We last saw the bullock dead, in the "Court," representing the man, Jesus,
consecrated at thirty years of age, at his baptism.
Now the fat of it has been placed upon
the "Brazen Altar
(Verse 25, compare with Lev 4:8–10, 19, 31, 35; 16:25) and with it the
kidneys and various life-producing organs.
They are burning furiously, for a bullock has
much fat. A cloud of smoke, called a "sweet savor to God," rises in the sight of all who are
in the "Court," the Levites--the household of faith, believers

This represents how Jesus' sacrifice appeared to
believing men. They saw the devotion, the self-
sacrifice, the loving zeal (fat) ascending to God as a sweet and acceptable sacrifice, during the three
and a half years of our Lord's ministry. They well knew that with him the Father was ever well
They knew from what they saw in the "Court" (in the flesh) that he was acceptable,
though they could not see the sacrifice in its full grandeur and perfection as it appeared in
Jehovah's sight
(in the "Holy"), a sweet incense on the "Golden Altar."

And while these two fires are burning (in the "
Court" the "fat," and in the "Holy" the "incense," and
their perfumes ascending at the same time) there is another fire "
outside the camp." There the
body of flesh is being destroyed. (
Verse 27) This represents Jesus' work as viewed by the world. To
them it seems foolish that he should spend his life in sacrifice. They see not the necessity for it as
man's ransom-price, nor the spirit of obedience which prompted it, as the Father saw these. They
see not our Lord's loving perfections and self-denials as the believers (in the "
Court" condition) see
them. No, nor did they in his day or since see in him their ideal hero and leader; they saw chiefly only
those elements of his character which they despise as weak, not being in condition to love and
admire him.
To them his sacrifice was and is offensive, despised: he was despised and
rejected of men, and as it were they blushed and hid their faces from him, as, in the type
the Israelites turned disgusted from the stench of the burning carcass

We see, then, how Jesus' life for three and a half years filled all three of these pictures: His sacrifice
of perfect manhood was, in the sight of the world, foolish and detestable; in the sight of believers, a
sacrifice acceptable to God; in the sight of Jehovah, "
a sweet incense." They all ended at once--at
the cross. The bullock was entirely disposed of, the fat fully consumed, and the incense all offered,
when Jesus cried, "
It is finished!" and died. Thus the man Christ Jesus gave himself a ransom for
all. (
T 57, 58)

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