“The Great Day of Atonement”, Part 2

“The First Atonement Day Sacrifice, the Bullock”

Thus shall Aaron (The High Priest) come into the holy place: with a young bullock for a sin
” (Lev 16:3)

Be it noted that our Lord Jesus was typified both by the bullock and the priest; that the
bullock represented him as the man Christ Jesus
, who gave himself a ransom for all; that
the priest represented the new mind, the Holy Spirit, by which our Lord was begotten again
at the moment of his consecration
. During the three and a half years of our Lord’s ministry he
was the priest, and his body was the sacrifice, reckoned dead. In the type the priest went
immediately into the Holy of the Tabernacle, which represented his standing before God as now no
longer a man but a new creature. The first vail represented his consecration to death, and his rising
on the other side of it to newness of life as a spirit being begotten of the Holy Spirit.” (

“The bullock represented Jesus at the age of thirty years,
the perfect MAN who gave himself and
died on our behalf. The High Priest, as we have already seen, represented the `
new’ nature of
Jesus, the anointed Head and all the members of his body foreknown of God.
The distinction
which is here made between the human and ‘new creature’ should be clearly understood
and remembered
. ‘The man Christ Jesus who gave himself’ at thirty years of age, was he who
previously was rich (of a higher nature), but who for our sakes became poor; that is, became a man,
that he might give the only possible ransom for men — a perfect man’s life.
1 Cor 15:21” (T 51)

Aaron did not represent the body of Christ when he sacrificed the bullock because the
bullock represented Jesus only
, and you and I were not represented in the body at all until after
Jesus had first finished His sacrifice (
at Calvary having passed beyond the Second Vail) and had
appeared in the presence of God
for us, covering our blemishes, that we might be acceptable to
God as members of His body. There was not a single member of the body at the time He offered
Himself, even as the prophet Isaiah declared, `
I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the
peoples there was no man with me
.’ (Isa 63:3)” Q703

Having already covered verses 3 and 4 in our last post let us now continue with the narrative.

And he shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a
sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering
.” (Lev 16:5)

“Since there were two animals on the Day of Atonement which served as
sin offerings, we perceive
that Jesus was represented in the first, the bullock, and the Church in the second, the Lord's goat.
The bullock was burned outside the camp first, and we, the goat class, follow. We "
go unto him
bearing his reproach

Another part of the type which helps to interpret the bullock and the goat is the origin of the animals
provided for sacrifice. Of the bullock we read merely, "
Thus shall Aaron [Jesus] come into the
holy place: with a young bullock for a sin offering
." (Lev 16:3) “A body hast Thou prepared
.” (Heb 10:5)

But the goat for the sin offering comes from "
the congregation of the children of Israel." (Verse
) So the goat class comes out from the world, to follow our Lord in sacrifice. (Beauties of the
”, Page 7)

And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself to make
atonement for himself,
and for his house.” (Lev 16: 6)

This “offering” of the bullock typifies the offering of our Lord in consecration when at the age of
thirty years he presented himself
a living sacrifice before God, surrendering his will completely to
that of his Father’s, “
Lo I come to do thy will, O God, as in the volume of the book it is
written of me
” (Heb 10:7) this consecration was followed shortly thereafter by symbolizing his
death in water baptism

Our Lord’s baptism to the new life was at the time he made his consecration unto death at
this baptism
. The new creature there begun was growing during the three and a half years
thereafter. This period . . . was represented in the high priest in the type. At his baptism he was
begotten as a Son of God on the highest plane, the divine. John the Baptist here bore witness of
him, saying, `
I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him.’ ”
R5580:1, 2)

Such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled . . . who needs not daily,
as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people’s;
for this he did once, when he offered up himself
.” (Heb 7:26, 27)

“The Apostle declares our High Priest `holy, harmless, undefiled, and separate from sinners.’ We
should not, therefore, understand his statement that Jesus offered up sacrifice `
first for his own
’ to mean the contrary of what he had just stated, that our Lord had no sins. We should
understand him here, in harmony with his statement elsewhere, to refer to the church as the body
of Christ. The `
Head’ was perfect, but the `body’ was imperfect. The Head needed no covering
during the day of sacrifice, but the body needed the white linen garments symbolical of justification.
It is the Church, therefore, that is referred to as `himself,’ his `members,’ for whom he
offered the first sacrifice, his personal sacrifice finished at Calvary

The Leviticus account shows that this first offering (the bullock) was not only for himself
his body, the Church) only, but also for his house, in the type the house or tribe of Levi; in
the antitype the `household of faith,’ the `
great company.’ ” (R4546:1)

The Second Atonement Day Sacrifice, the Lord’s Goat”

And he shall take the two goats, and present them before the LORD at the door of the
tabernacle of the congregation. And Aaron shall
cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for
the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat
.” (Lev 16:7, 8)

These two goats, taken from Israel and brought into the ‘court’, typified or represented all
who coming from the world and accepting Jesus’ redemption fully consecrate their lives
even unto death to God’s service during this gospel age
(foregoing not only those rights
lawfully theirs at present, but most importantly foregoing their restitutional or human life
rights in the next age, having set their eyes on a heavenly reward, a heavenly resurrection

First taken from the ‘
camp’ or world condition, ‘sinners even as others’, they were brought into
the court;
the faith or [tentative] justified condition, there they present themselves before the
Lord (represented by the goats at the door of the tabernacle), desiring to become dead with their
redeemer, Christ Jesus as
human beings; and to enter the heavenly or spiritual conditions as he
did; first, the spirit- begotten condition of the spiritual mind, and secondly, the spirit born condition
of the spiritual body-represented in the ‘
Holy’ and the ‘Most Holy’, respectively.”

“But our Master declares that not all who say, Lord! Lord! Shall enter into the Kingdom; so, too, this
type shows that some who say, `
Lord, here I consecrate my all,’ promise more than they are
willing to perform. They know not what they promise, or what it costs of self denial, to take up the
cross daily and to follow the footsteps of the man Jesus (the bullock), to `
go to him without the
(to the utter disregard and destruction of the human hopes, etc.) bearing the reproach
with him
.’—Heb 13:13

In this type of the two goats, both classes of those who covenant to become dead with Christ are
represented: those who do really follow in his footsteps, as he hath set us an example and those
who, `
through fear of [this] death (this sacrificial death) are all their lifetime subject to
.’ (Heb 2:15) The first class is the `Lord’s goat,’ the second is the `scapegoat.’ Both
of these classes of goats, as we shall see, will have a part in
the atonement work, in bringing
the world into complete harmony with God and his Law, when this `
Day of Atonement,’ the Gospel
age, is ended.
But only the first class, `the Lord’s goat,’ who follow the Leader, are a part of
the `sin offering,’ and ultimately members of his glorified Body.

The casting of lots to see which goat would be the ‘Lord’s Goat’, and which the ‘Scape
Goat’, indicated that God had no choice as to which of those who present themselves shall
win the prize. It shows that God does not arbitraily determine which of the consecrated
shall become partakers of the divine nature, and joint-heirs with Christ our Lord, and which
shall not
. Those who suffer with him shall reign with him; those who succeed in avoilding the fiery
trials by a compromising course, miss also the joint-heirship in glory.”
Rom 8:17 (T 59-61)

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